Quoting the Associated Press, the Moscow Times reports yet another horrifying escalation in the Neo-Soviet crackdown in Russia. First the Kremlin tried to poison pro-West Ukrainian presidential candidate Viktor Yuschenko and now it has gone after KGB defector Alexander Litvinenko (pictured). Monday morning, this was the lead story on Google news (not just for Russia but for the whole world) fronted by the coverage from ABC News -- and comes only hours after George Bush inked a deal with Vladimir Putin for admission to the WTO. Perhaps when the presidents of the Western democracies start dropping like flies, it will be time to act. Until then, it seems the West will just continue gaping slack-jawed at Russia exactly as it did when the Bolsheviks seized power, hoping that somehow it will all just go away.
The Times of London adds:
Former deputy head of the KGB at the Soviet Embassy in London and a highly successful double agent for MI6. He joined the KGB in 1963 and was posted to Copenhagen, where he became disenchanted — a fact noticed by MI6, which recruited him. He was the KGB’s Resident-designate in London in 1982, but he was suddenly ordered back to Moscow and arrested in 1985. Although suspected and interrogated he was allowed to go home and contacted MI6, which managed to smuggle him out.
Fugitive billionaire living in a Surrey and wanted in Moscow on massive fraud charges. A mathematician who began selling cars under perestroika and after the collapse of communism became Russia’s first billionaire. He became close to President Yeltsin and used his influence to increase his holdings in Aeroflot and several oil properties. Helped to finance Yeltsin’s second election campaign, then backed Putin in 2000 but the latter resented Berezovsky’s interference and opened investigations into his business dealings
Former actor who became Minister of Culture in Chechnya — and at the start of the first Chechen war a general in the Chechen army. A political moderate, he negotiated with Russia to end the first war, and then became deputy prime minister. He was wounded in the second Chechen war and was granted political asylum in Britain in 2003. Now lives in London and is acting vice-premier of Chechnya’s underground government. Was accused by Russia of planning the Moscow theatre siege. A court turned down an extradition request, saying he was at risk of torture.
A right-hand man of Mikhail Khodorkovsky, former owner of the Yukos oil company and now in a Siberian labour camp. He has been charged in Russia of a plot to kill individuals who posed a danger to Yukos. He claims that Putin is taking revenge for supporting his political opponents. Lives in Israel.
Former theatre director who became one of Russia’s most powerful media magnates. Fell out with the Kremlin when NTV, his independent television station, became critical of the Chechnya war. In 2000 Gusinsky was accused of embezzlement and money laundering and was forced into exile in Israel, where he holds citizenship
Darkness had just fallen on Saturday when the UAZ four-wheel drive sped down Moscow's Lenin Avenue and drew up outside one of the grey blocks of flats that line the Russian capital's streets. A Chechen officer, a high-ranking member of the FSB spy agency, emerged from the back of the car. Moments later Movladi Baisarov lay dead, his body riddled with bullets fired by the Chechen special forces and Russian intelligence officers who had ambushed him
According to Russian authorities, Mr Baisarov was killed after he attempted to detonate a hand grenade. But such is the atmosphere in Russia these days, there are many who question the official explanation. Like Alexander Litvinenko, Mr Baisarov had many enemies within the FSB and in the Kremlin-backed Chechen government. He had emerged as a leading critic and rival to Ramzan Kadyrov, the 30-year-old Chechen prime minister.
Liberal commentators in Russia have linked Mr Kadyrov to last month's murder of the country's most prominent investigative journalist Anna Politkovskaya, who dedicated her career to highlighting the abuse of human rights in Chechnya, where Moscow has fought two brutal wars to suppress a separatist movement. Mr Kadyrov has denied the accusations, suggesting that the murder was carried out to besmirch and weaken him.
Whether or not the three cases are connected, former Soviet spies say there is no doubt that the Russian intelligence services have grown increasingly powerful under the stewardship of President Vladimir Putin.
"All three of these cases involve people who had many enemies within the intelligence apparatus," said a former KGB officer. "This may be a coincidence but there can be no doubt that the FSB is both more powerful and more prepared to flex its muscles than for about 25 years."
President Putin is a former KGB officer who served in Dresden during the Cold War. Determined to regain Russia's superpower status — at least in the energy sector — the president has increased funding for the intelligence services fivefold since he came to power six years ago.
He has also surrounded himself with former fellow spies. Up to two-thirds of government officials are said to be drawn from the security and intelligence services and the most powerful faction in the Kremlin, known as the Siloviki, is dominated by former KGB officers.
While it would be an exaggeration to suggest that the pervasive terror of the intelligence services in Soviet times has returned, Russians are again looking over their shoulders.
The Kremlin says that the increased power and funding of the intelligence services is a response to the conflict in Chechnya and the war on terror. But Siloviki hawks have also used the FSB and other agencies to enforce increasingly repressive domestic legislation and punish recalcitrant ex-Soviet satellites.
One of the most extreme allegations surrounds the pro-Western president of Ukraine, Viktor Yushchenko, who was allegedly poisoned when dioxin was slipped into his borscht in the run-up to elections in 2004.
Though Mr Yushchenko survived and was carried to power on the back of the Orange Revolution, his face remains heavily disfigured as a result of the attack. Mr Putin has centralized power both in the Kremlin and the intelligence services to such an extent that many Western critics say that democratic progress under Boris Yeltsin, his predecessor, has largely disappeared. The independent media has been silenced, power devolved from the regions, parliament turned into a pliant tool of the Kremlin and advocacy groups critical of the authorities curtailed.Many are now too scared to openly speak against the government or campaign against flourishing corruption as the state again assumes control of leading companies, particularly in the energy sector where Siloviki officials have been given plum positions. Some of those who have spoken out have paid the ultimate price and some murders at least have born the hallmarks of the FSB. Yuri Shchekochikhin, Mrs Politkovskaya's editor at Novaya Gazeta, one of the last bastions of free press in Russia, died in 2003 after he, too, was poisoned with dioxin. In the past two months the number of contract killings of prominent officials has soared — the reforming deputy head of the central bank, a prominent mayoral candidate in Russia's far east and another leading journalist all among the victims. The word on the diplomatic grapevin is that more of the same should be expected as the Siloviki and their allies seek to tighten their hold on big business ahead of the 2008 election, when Mr Putin is required to stand down.